In session at the White House
The White House prepares for a pleasant New Years: Promoting Education, Music and America’s extensive College and University System at the top of their list.
In session: Log-in: The White House: 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW – Washington, DC 20500 – Dec 29, 2016 @ 09:27 PM – US News and World Report….starting over again here at the White House. http://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/
This evening’s Briefing from can be read at the white house web site. His Royal Highness Jose Maria Chavira Adagio 1st Nome de Plume JC Angelcraft. – Writings and Publishing:
Misclaneous Notes: Ukraine: Sir (Genia) Bolanenko Former Address 60th St. Kirland Washington USA. a Citizen of Ukrain.
Music Education; Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff (1873 – 28 March 1943)
Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff was a Russian pianist, composer, and conductor of the late-Romantic period,
His works are among the most popular in the classical repertoire of many households around the world.
Regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century and born into a musical family, Rachmaninoff took up the piano at age four and like Mozart before him and many composers he was a prodigy.
Despite great musical talent, he still studied music formally and graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in 1892. Prior he had already composed several important piano and orchestral pieces by this time.
In 1897, following the critical reaction to his Symphony No. 1, in D minor, Opus. 13, was composed between January and October 1895 at his Ivanovka estate near Tambov, Russia.
Despite its poor initial reception the symphony is now seen as a dynamic representation of the Russian symphonic tradition, with British composer Robert Simpson calling it “a powerful work in its own right,
Simpson asserted, however, that Rachmaninoff borrowed from Borodin and Tchaikovsky,
An individual, finely constructed piece, the opus portrays a genuinely tragic and heroic expression that for some people stands far above the pathos of his later music.
The premiere of Rachmaninoff’s Opus 13 took place in St. Petersburg on March 28, 1897,
The poor performance of the conductor Alexander Glazunov, is most likely the reason the work was so criticized in its premier.
As a result, Rachmaninoff subsequently suffered a psychological collapse, however he retained his composure enough to continue on living, but he left the original score in Russia then went into exile in 1917 and subsequently lost ownership of his very first Opus.
In 1944, after the composer’s death, the separate instrumental parts of the symphony were discovered and were used to reconstruct the full score.
The symphony’s second official performance took place at the Moscow Conservatory on October 17, 1945 forty-eght years after its premier.
This time it was conducted by Aleksandr Gauk a Russian/Soviet conductor and composer born in Odessa in 1893.
Following a general reassessment of Rachmaninoff’s music, the First Symphony has been performed frequently and recorded several times.
Having left the mess of his first Symphony 1897 to loss behind him, Rachmaninoff completed received Piano Concerto No. 2 in 1901 not expecting his first work ever return.
After the Russian Revolution, Rachmaninoff and his family left Russia and resided in the United States, first in New York City.
Demanding piano concert tour schedules caused his output as composer to slow tremendously; between 1918 and 1943, he completed just six compositions, including Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, Symphony No. 3, and Symphonic Dances. In 1942, Rachmaninoff moved to sunny Beverly Hills on the west of the United States of California.
The Rachmaninov Family was Loyal to the Russia’s Romanov (from the Romani, a Russian Royal family and an important very old family from Rome almost brought to extinction by white supremacist sympathizers),
Rachmaninoff was influenced mostly by Russian Composers Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Balakirev, Mussorgsky, and other Russian composers as well as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart a staple even the Russian conservatory.
There is a good chance that the Rachmaninov Family was related to the Russias Royal Romanoff or Romanov family.
Sergei Rachmaninoff was born at a family estate in the Novgorod province in north-western Russia. When there are Family Estates, this indicates old money, very old money such as the case of Her Royal Highness Eda Van Hempstra (Audrey Hepburn the latest Catholic Saint who was also an award-winning actress.)
Sergei Rachmanoff was born in the estate of Oneg, near Veliky Novgorod, or Semyonovo, near Staraya Russia,
Even in these times, the Rachmaninoff family was a very old Russian aristocratic family, which according to the 17th-century Velvet Book, a register of Russia’s most illustrious families, was of Romanian origin, descending from Vasile, nicknamed Rachmaninov, a son of Moldavian Prince Stephen the Great.
Sergei’s father, Vasily Arkadyevich Rachmaninoff (1841–1916), was an amateur pianist and army officer, who had taken lessons from John Field. Vasily married Lyubov Petrovna Butakova (1853–1929), the daughter of a wealthy army general who gave her five estates as part of her dowry.
The couple had three sons and three daughters, Rachmaninoff being their fourth child.
Rachmaninoff began his life with piano and music lessons first organized by his mother at the age of four.
She became impressed with her son’s musical ability to recite from memory without playing a wrong note.
News of the young composer’s gift reached his paternal grandfather Arkady who suggested to hire Anna Ornatskaya, a teacher from Saint Petersburg and friend of Rachmaninoff’s mother, to live with the family and begin formal lessons, in 1880.
Rachmaninoff later dedicated “Spring Waters”, Song No. 32 to Anna Ornatskaya.
Then In 1882 tragedy befell his the family and Rachmaninoff’s father who had to auction off their Oneg estate. Slowly the wars and times had taken their toll on the Family’s finances.
Maps Cartography – 1882 German’s The Triple Alliance, also known as the Triplice was a secret agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy formed on 20 May 1882 and renewed periodically.
The history of the Triple Alliance dates to the beginning of the 1870s, to the contradictions engendered by the Franco-Prussian War and the Treaty of Frankfurt of 1871.
The Russian government had supported France during the war scare of 1875, when Russian intervention forced Germany to abandon an attack on France.
In 1876, the German chancellor, O. von Bismarck, attempted unsuccessfully to obtain from Russia a guarantee to preserve the territory of Alsace-Lorraine as part of Germany in exchange for unconditional support by Germany for Russian policy in the East.
In 1877, during the new Franco-German war scare, Russia maintained friendly relations with France. However, after the Berlin Congress of 1878, French diplomacy, in aiming at a rapprochement with Great Britain and Germany, assumed a hostile position vis-à-vis Russia.
France’s alienation from Russia and her policy of colonial seizures lasted until 1885, when the Franco-German contradictions became heightened after the French defeat in Annam.
Early in 1887 while Sergei was yet 14 years old, new complications arose in Franco-German relations. France appealed to the Russian government for aid. In concluding the so-called Reinsurance Treaty with Germany in 1887, Russia insisted on maintaining for France the same conditions that Germany had stipulated for its ally, Austria.
Meanwhile ware raged against the finances of Sergei whose family’s five estates had been reduced to one.
In writings that look to cover-up this financial crime up , Rachmaninoff is said to describe his father as “a wastrel, a compulsive gambler, a pathological liar, and a skirt chaser.”
Regardless, the family moved to a small flat in Saint Petersburg or Petrograd.
When Rachmaninoff’s course of lessons with Ornatskaya neared its end, she arranged for him to study music at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory, and war tensions continually looming in the area.
|Events leading to World War I|
During Sergei’s Childhood, Sofia died of diphtheria and his father left the family, with their approval, for Moscow. His maternal grandmother stepped in to help raise the children with particular focus on their spiritual life, regularly taking Rachmaninoff to Russian Orthodox church services where he first experienced liturgical chants and church bells, two features he would incorporate in his future compositions.
Then In 1885, Rachmaninoff’s sister Yelena died of pernicious anemia at age eighteen after being accepted into the Bolshoi Theatre company.
Yelena’s was an important musical influence to Rachmaninoff who introduced him to the works of Tchaikovsky.
As a respite, Sergei’s grandmother took him to a farm retreat by the Volkhov River where he developed a love for rowing.
Rachmaninoff began to adopt a relaxed attitude to his studies, failing his general education classes and changing his report cards in what fellow Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov later called a period of “purely Russian self-delusion and laziness”.
In 1885, Rachmaninoff performed at events at the Moscow Conservatory often attended by the Grand Duke Konstantin and other notable figures, but he failed his spring exams, leaving Ornatskaya to notify his mother that his admission to further education might be revoked if his poor performance continued.
His mother then consulted with her nephew Alexander Siloti (by marriage), an accomplished pianist and student of Franz Liszt, who praised Rachmaninoff for his piano and listening skills. Siloti recommended he attend the Moscow Conservatory and receive lessons from his former teacher.
END PART I
Rachmaninoff’s works are as extensive as they are impressive.
In summary, Rachmaninoff wrote five works for piano and orchestra: four concertos—No. 1 in F-sharp minor, Op. 1 (1891, revised 1917), No. 2 in C minor, Op. 18 (1900–01), No. 3 in D minor, Op. 30 (1909), and No. 4 in G minor, Op. 40 (1926, revised 1928 and 1941)—plus the Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini. Of the concertos, the Second and Third are the most popular.
Rachmaninoff also composed a number of works for orchestra alone. The three symphonies: No. 1 in D minor, Op. 13 (1895), No. 2 in E minor, Op. 27 (1907), and No. 3 in A minor, Op. 44 (1935–36). Widely spaced chronologically, the symphonies represent three distinct phases in his compositional development. The Second has been the most popular of the three since its first performance. Other orchestral works include The Rock (Op. 7), Caprice bohémien (Op. 12), The Isle of the Dead (Op. 29), and the Symphonic Dances (Op. 45).
Works for piano solo include 24 Preludes traversing all 24 major and minor keys; Prelude in C-sharp minor (Op. 3, No. 2) from Morceaux de fantaisie (Op. 3); ten preludes in Op. 23; and thirteen in Op. 32. Especially difficult are the two sets of Études-Tableaux, Op. 33 and 39, which are very demanding study pictures. Stylistically, Op. 33 hearkens back to the preludes, while Op. 39 shows the influences of Scriabin and Prokofiev. There are also the Six moments musicaux (Op. 16), the Variations on a Theme of Chopin (Op. 22), and the Variations on a Theme of Corelli (Op. 42).
Sergei wrote two piano sonatas, both of which are large scale and virtuosic in their technical demands. Rachmaninoff also composed works for two pianos, four hands, including two Suites (the first subtitled Fantasie-Tableaux), a version of the Symphonic Dances (Op. 45), and an arrangement of the C-sharp minor Prelude, as well as a Russian Rhapsody, and he arranged his First Symphony (below) for piano four hands. Both these works were published posthumously meaing after he had died.
Rachmaninoff wrote two major a cappella choral works—the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and the All-Night Vigil (also known as the Vespers). It was the fifth movement of All-Night Vigil that Rachmaninoff requested to have sung at his funeral. Other choral works include a choral symphony, The Bells; the cantata Spring; the Three Russian Songs; and an early Concerto for Choir (a cappella).
He completed three operas, all short: Aleko (1892), The Miserly Knight (1903), and Francesca da Rimini (1904). He started three others, notably Monna Vanna, based on a work by Maurice Maeterlinck; copyright in this had been extended to the composer Février, and, though the restriction did not pertain to Russia, Rachmaninoff dropped the project after completing Act I in piano vocal score in 1908; this act was orchestrated in 1984 by Igor Buketoff and performed in the U.S. Aleko is regularly performed and has been recorded complete at least eight times, and filmed.
His chamber music includes two piano trios, both which are named Trio Elégiaque (the second of which is a memorial tribute to Tchaikovsky), and a Cello Sonata.
Rachmaninoff also composed many songs for voice and piano, to texts by A. N. Tolstoy, Pushkin, Goethe, Shelley, Hugo and Chekhov, among others. Among his most popular songs is the wordless Vocalise.
Rachmaninoff’s final compositions, illness and death were as dramatic as his life.
In his final years, demanding concert tour schedules caused Rachmaninoff’s output as a composer to slow significantly. Between his arrival in the US in 1918 and his death in 1943, he completed just six compositions.
In his life, Rachmaninoff kept occupied by performing to support his family, but his nostalgia for Russia and Russian composers and classical music seemed to dampen his compositional creativity.
Despite Rachmaninoff’s tendency to self-depreciate a symptom of his life’s struggles, he was lauded by the American public, who loved seeing the famous composer of their favourite Prelude in C Sharp Minor.
However, such popularity was not without its pressures and for Sergei while the American public clamoured for him, his reception for political reasons was divided and Rachmaninoff had to continually defend himself in the age-old Russian school of music debate of whether music could be both ‘serious’ and popular. His retort was that his music could be both mainstream as well as serious and his life living in liberty and the Luxury of Beverly Hills having affected the hard-line russian school of thought that ran through his blood.
“I believe it is possible to be very serious, to have something to say, and at the same time be popular.” Sergei Rachmaninoff
Europe and Russia’s musical elite opinionated that Rachmaninoff’s music was derivative, perhaps because he was a Romantic at heart.
In 1932, following the completion of his new home, Villa Senar, near Hertenstein, Lake Lucerne in Switzerland, he started vacationing their during his summers from 1932 to 1939.
Now in the comfort, Rachmaninoff composed Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini in 1934 and Symphony No. 3 (Op. 44, 1935–36).
In December 1939, Rachmaninoff conducted the Philadelphia Orchestra, his first conducting role since January 1917.
Rachmaninoff’s last completed work, Symphonic Dances (Op. 45, 1940), was the only piece he composed in its entirety while living in the U.S. Eugene Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra premiered Symphonic Dances on 7 January 1941 at the Academy of Music.
After Rachmaninoff’s death, poet Marietta Shaginyan published fifteen letters they exchanged from their first contact in February 1912 and their final meeting in July 1917.
The nature of their relationship bordered on romantic, but was primarily intellectual and emotional. Shaginyan and the poetry she shared with Rachmaninoff has been cited as the inspiration for the six songs that make up his Six Songs, Op. 38.
Marietta Shaginian was the author of the novels Miss Mend: Yankees in Petrograd (1923), Three Looms (1929), Hydrocentral (1930–31), For her novels about Lenin’s life and activities she was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1972. Shaginian spent much of her time in Koktebel, Crimea, where she had bought a summer house for her family. The Russian bohemian elite gathered in Koktebel every summer and stayed there until September, spending time at the Voloshin house.
In August 2015, Russia announced its intentions to seek reburial of Rachmaninoff’s remains in Russia, claiming that Americans have neglected the composer’s grave while attempting to “shamelessly privatize” his name. These allegations are however unfounded and like Jim Morrison remains burried in France and many a foreign soldier brought to ashes on Russian Soil having died in her defense, so to shall Sergei’s grave remain in the land of Freedom, the place where he was most happiest toward the end of his life.
The composer’s descendants are in agreement and have resisted the idea of moving the grave also, pointing out that he died in the U.S. after spending decades outside of Russia in self-imposed political exile.
The End – JC Angelcraft – Angelcraft Music